The war in Ukraine that started in 24 February 2022, from Russian army made the geopolitical situation more complex and unsecure, with a new wave of people fleeing from their country and seeking refuge in the European Union countries. This new wave of refugees came in a time when EU is still dealing with migration management from other routes and other countries. Moreover, EU is still working and delivering on reforming the Common European Asylum System (CEAS). For the first time, in an unprecedented way, only eight days after the start of the war, European Union activated the Temporary Protection Directive 2001/55/EC (TPD) with the main aim to protect the fundamental rights of those fleeing the war and offering them a clear legal status and protection to all EU. This was the first time this Directive was activated even though it is adopted more than 20 years ago. The war in Ukraine is having also security implications, when many Member States are reintroducing internal borders controls.
This analysis was produced by Nirvana Deliu, EMA researcher and 2022 Think Visegrad Non-V4 Expert Fellow at the Research Center of the Slovak Foreign Policy Association, Bratislava (Slovakia)within the Think Visegrad Non-V4 Fellowship programme.
Policy Paper: Ukraine crisis implications on EU migration policy and security, December 2022